miércoles, 11 de noviembre de 2009

The Velvet Revolution (Garton Ash)

Ya salió la segunda parte de la nota de Timothy Garton Ash en el New York Review of Books:
Velvet Revolution: The Prospects
Volume 56, Number 19 · December 3, 2009

"Painting with a deliberately broad brush, an ideal type of 1989-style revolution, VR, might be contrasted with an ideal type of 1789-style revolution, as further developed in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and Mao's Chinese revolution. The 1789 ideal type is violent, utopian, professedly class-based, and characterized by a progressive radicalization, culminating in terror. A revolution is not a dinner party, Mao Zedong famously observed:
A revolution is an uprising, an act of violence whereby one class overthrows another.... To right a wrong it is necessary to exceed proper limits, and the wrong cannot be righted without the proper limits being exceeded.

The 1989 ideal type, by contrast, is nonviolent, anti-utopian, based not on a single class but on broad social coalitions, and characterized by the application of mass social pressure—"people power"—to bring the current powerholders to negotiate. It culminates not in terror but in compromise. If the totem of 1789-type revolution is the guillotine, that of 1989 is the round table."

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